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                      THE CGC COMMUNICATOR

                            CGC #460

                     Thursday, July 12, 2001

                 Robert F. Gonsett, W6VR, Editor

     Copyright 2001, Communications General Corporation (CGC)

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  OUTDOOR TV ANTENNAS SURVIVE A MAJOR CHALLENGE

  Property LESSEES who wish to install, maintain and use
outdoor TV antennas may continue to do so.  The U.S. Court
of Appeals, in a decision released July 6, has essentially
affirmed that antennas used for receiving TV broadcast signals
- including MDS and direct broadcast satellite TV signals -
are permissible.  Property OWNERS already enjoy the right to
install these antennas; that right was not the subject of
the current appeal.

http://pacer.cadc.uscourts.gov/common/opinions/200107/99-1009a.txt 

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  FCC FORFEITURE WATCH (SELECTED ITEM)

  The FCC has reduced to $10,000 the fine against KNEC-FM
(Colorado) for failure to install and maintain operable EAS
equipment, failure to have a transmitter control system in place
that would allow the transmitter to be shut down within three
minutes if necessary, failure to make required entries into the
station log and failure to designate and post the designation
of a chief operator for the station.

http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov:8835/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-01-197A1.doc 

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                SPECIAL SECTION ON BILLBOARD RADIO
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  COMMENT ON THE TALKING BILLBOARD

  Re the Talking Billboard (CGC #459), it is interesting that
the same billboard appears on I-680 in Benicia, just north of the
bridge across to Martinez in the Bay Area.  1580 AM.  Same loop?
It is on the structure housing an elevated four-lane steel highway
bridge.  The station is audible for about a mile in each
direction.  Anyone know if GM is paying for these?   Those
billboards aren't cheap.

  Russ Jackson, Palomar College, retired.

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  LOW POWER AM RADIO:  THE FCC NEEDS TO FULLY INSPECT

  CGC #459 has shown that the FCC believes the range of
unlicensed Part 15 AM radio stations to be approximately 200-250
feet.  However, Tradeway Chevrolet in Manteca, CA leased time on
one such transmitter from an advertising agency out of L.A. that
operated a billboard station on 1610 kHz which easily covered a
couple of miles as determined by my stock Ford radio.

  The FCC inspected the station in question and was satisfied
once it made field strength measurements and saw the Part 15
sticker on the 'Trans AM' transmitter box, but the inspector did
not measure the final stage input power nor was there, to my
knowledge, any determination as to whether the antenna fully
complied with FCC requirements.  The FCC needs to thoroughly
inspect these stations and change the range stated in its web
posting if legal Part 15 installations can really cover a two
mile radius.

  Paul Shinn, CE of 12 Licensed Radio Stations

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  "BILLBOARD RADIO" PROBABLY ILLEGAL  -  EDITORIAL COMMENT

  A knowledgable contact within FCC/Washington suspects that
the billboard radio installations described above are illegal.
Here is the reasoning:

  There are two different standards for Part 15 AM transmitters.
Under Section 15.209, the field strength is limited to [2400]/
[frequency in kHz] uV/m at a distance of 30 meters.  As an
alternative, Section 15.219 permits the transmitter to employ a
100 mW dc input power to the final RF stage provided the total
length of the antenna plus connecting lead plus ground lead does
not exceed three meters.  Under either method, the transmission
range would be on the order of 200 to 250 feet.

  However, the FCC has run across several instances where people
put loading coils on the antenna output to make the antenna more
efficient.  While they may argue that the physical length of the
loading coil is only a few inches, the FCC would look at the
"electrical length" because of the effect it has on antenna
efficiency.  Similarly, others install the transmitter on an
elevated location and use a long metal pipe, or in this case a
billboard, for the ground.  These ground leads act as large
radiators.  Of course, the length of the ground lead is now
greater than three meters (much less the combined length with
the antenna and connecting lead) and the system no longer complies
with the FCC's requirements - and increases the chances of
causing interference to authorized stations.

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                      LOCAL & REGIONAL NEWS
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  MORE ON THE LOS ANGELES 87.9 MHZ PIRATE

  LA's pirate broadcaster has become hit-and-miss in recent
days, being heard at random times with silent carrier, and with
a less predictable and enthusiastic broadcast schedule.  Maybe
the novelty of L.A. broadcasting has grown tiring, or our pirate
is responding to other pressures.

  I spoke with an FCC representative in Washington on the subject
of pirate broadcasters.  The bottom line is that these individuals
can either be easy to deal with (responding to an FCC letter by
shutting down their operations) or very resistant personalities
that require a more litigious and serious enforcement procedure
of varying duration.

  While the Commission cannot comment on this particular case,
we can rest assured that the matter is being handled appropriately
and has certainly not escaped notice by the FCC.

  Steve Blodgett

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  CHANNEL 54 UP AND RUNNING

  KAZA(TV), Channel 54, Avalon (Pappas Telecasting), has
commenced operation from Mt. Wilson with 2.3 MW peak ERP
(directional).  Congratulations to Daniel Bissett and crew
on the new signal!

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  COMMENTS ON CHS-54 & 44

  Re: CH-54 which just went on the air in Spanish.  They are
in Stereo with a SAP running regular audio at a lower level.
This now is the first time I've ever seen a TV station in the
LA area sign on in Stereo with SAP.

  Also, for many months at home in Culver City, there is still
a battle on Channel 44 with KRPA slightly winning over the LPTV
outlet.  Now, counting any kind of TV station, we have every
two channels filled in from 44-58.

  Larry Hart

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           LETTERS TO THE EDITOR    (NINE LINE LIMIT)
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  CROSSED FIELD ANTENNA WEB SITE

  I liked the info that you sent about crossed field antennas
(CGC #459).  Here's an interesting web site about them:

  http://www.luminet.net/~wenonah/cfa/ 

  Steve Webster, K7ZG, American Tower

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  X-BAND RADIO AND MORE

  FYI, in Boston, MA, there have been several x-band AM stations
operating with foreign language programming ("x-band" meaning the
expanded AM band: 1610-1700 kHz).  They have been spotted by
numerous DXers in the National Radio Club.

  Also, Miami, FL at one time had as many as nine unlicensed
FM stations on the air with Cuban, Hatian, and various other
foreign formats (all with powers from 0.5 watt to a kilowatt, all
low antenna heights).  This also reported in the National Radio
Club's lists and bulletins.

  Fred Vobbe, w8hdu@wlio.com 

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  BBC: END OF AN ERA

  The July 5 San Francisco Chronicle has an article titled,
"The end of an era," by Jeff Hudson.  He refers to the BBC
World Service ending shortwave transmissions to North America;
the "Beeb" saying its franchising to local FM stations brings
in twice as many listeners, and 1.5 million users access it on
the web site.  End of an era, for sure.  Progress, yes, but "Go
it old girl, you've done it well.  We will miss you."  Anyone
want a SW receiver?  Not much there now for me except WWV and
maybe VOA.

  Russ Jackson, Palomar College, retired.

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                          MISCELLANEOUS
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  EUROPEAN HIGH SPEED WIRELESS = SLOW SPEED DEPLOYMENT

  European mobile operators, faced with building third-generation
("3G") networks for high speed data, are besieged by debt and doubt
about the near-term viability of the new technology.  Most of them
paid huge sums to acquire licenses at auction, then saw their stock
values plummet and now cannot afford to deploy the infrastructure
needed to operate the system.  The survivors, however, should reap
big rewards.  Revenues could top $300 billion annually by 2010.

  The new 3G handsets will need more power than current cell
phones and initial data rates are likely to be disappointing (in
the 64-384 kb/s range as opposed to the 2 Mb/s agreed upon by
standardization groups as the ultimate goal).

  IEEE Spectrum, July 2001 (p. 20 & 22)

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  IEEE SALARY SURVEY

  Electrical engineering is, by and large, a decent way to
make a living.  According to the latest survey from IEEE-USA,
electrical engineers working full time in the United States saw
their median income hit $93,100 in early 2001.  Adding in things
like overtime and pension benefits brought the median to $99,000.
Not too shabby.

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           LOCAL ITEMS FROM THE FCC    (FCC TYPOS TOO)
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  CALL SIGN CHANGES GRANTED

  None in our area.

  FCC Report #409

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  FM STATION APPLICATION FOR MINOR MODIFICATION TO A LICENSED
  FACILITY ACCEPTED FOR FILING

  BPH-20010702ACL   KELT    1244    AMATURO GROUP OF L.A., LTD
              E   92.7 MHZ                RIVERSIDE, CA

  Minor change in licensed facilities

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  TV BOOSTER STATION APPLICATION FOR ORIGINAL CONSTRUCTION PERMIT
  ACCEPTED FOR FILING

  BNPTTB-20010614AKC  NEW  135903   COSTA DE ORO TELEVISION, INC.
                P   CHAN-57               LOS ANGELES, CA

  Construction permit for a new station for LOS ANGELES, CA
  on channel 57, Effective Rated Power 94.900, coordinates
  NL 34 deg 13 min 36 sec WL 118 deg 3 min 58 sec.

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  TELEVISION APPLICATION FOR LICENSE TO COVER GRANTED

  BLCT-20001220ADU  KRPA  55083  RANCHO PALOS VERDES BROADCAST...
               P   CHAN-44           RANCHO PALOS VERDES, CA

  License to cover construction permit no: BPCT-19830325KG,
  callsign KRPA.

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  LOW POWER FM APPS FOR ORIGINAL CONSTRUCTION PERMIT RECEIVED

  BNPL-20010611AEI   NEW   134089   IGLESIA DE CRISTO ELIM....
               E   107.9 MHZ              CAMARILLO, CA

  Low Power FM CP New Stn
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  BNPL-20010613AAT   NEW   134510    IGLESIA DE CRISTO MIEL....
               E   103.1 MHZ               REDLANDS, CA

  Low Power FM CP New Stn.
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  BNPL-20010613ADK   NEW   134614     FAMILIA NUEVO NACIMIENTO
               E   90.3 MHZ               LAKE ELSINORE, CA

 Low Power FM CP New Stn.

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  TV TRANSLATOR OR LPTV STATION APPLICATION FOR MINOR
  MODIFICATION TO A LICENSED FACILITY ACCEPTED FOR FILING

  BPTTL-20010706ABG   KTSB-LP   41127   J B BROADCASTING, INC.
                E     CHAN-43             SANTA BARBARA, CA

 Minor change in licensed facilities, callsign KTSB-LP.

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