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                      THE CGC COMMUNICATOR
                            CGC #536
                  Wednesday,  September 4, 2002
                 Robert F. Gonsett, W6VR, Editor
     Copyright 2002, Communications General Corporation (CGC)
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  THE WHITE DOT MYSTERY EXPLAINED BY COMMUNICATOR READERS
  CGC #533 asked for reader comments on "a grid of evenly spaced
tiny white dots" that is sometimes mysteriously superimposed over
television pictures.  All of the comments received - and there
were some very interesting remarks - are posted as follows:
  Visit http://www.bext.com/_CGC/
  Click on "Additional Postings"
  Click on the story entitled, "White Dot Comments."
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  DTV EXTENSION OF TIME REQUESTS MUST BE FILED ELECTRONICALLY
  By this Public Notice, the Media Bureau announces mandatory
electronic filing of FCC Form 337 - Application for Extension of
Time to Construct a Digital Television Broadcast Station.
http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DA-02-2120A1.doc
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  MEASUREMENT PROCEDURE UPDATED FOR PEAK TRANSMIT POWER IN THE
  UNLICENSED NATIONAL INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE (U-NII) BANDS
  Technical item, not long though:
http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DA-02-2138A1.doc
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    COMMENTS ON THE FOREST SERVICE'S ANTI-BROADCAST PROPOSAL
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  A WEALTH OF INPUT
  CGC is still evaluating the many letters received on the
Forest Service's proposal to cripple or ban broadcasting on the
nine electronic communications sites in the Cleveland National
Forest.  However, following are excerpts from two of the long-
form letters which immediately caught our eye.
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  COMMUNICATIONS EXPERTISE IS MISSING AT THE FOREST SERVICE
  It's not only in the Cleveland National Forest.  We are
wrestling with a situation in one of the National Forests in
Northern California where the Forester not only wants to ban
outside radio installations, but also the Forest Service's own
radio system and wants to tear down an existing lookout on
"aesthetic" grounds.
  This may be a direct result of the demise of the Forest
Service's Communications Division as a separate entity, giving
the decision-making power to folks who do not have a
communications background.
   Philip M. Kane, Principal Attorney (retired),
  Communications Law Center
  [Phil is also past Engineer in Charge of the FCC's San
  Francisco District Field Office.   - Ed.]
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  A DANGEROUS PRECEDENT
  From what I can tell from Appendix N, this is a plan to
abolish non-low-power broadcasting from all of these locations.
What's worse for the rest of the country is that it looks like
this is a test plan being designed in Washington at the federal
level.  If successful, this could then lead to a blueprint for
how to accomplish these same goals elsewhere in the National
Forest System and perhaps in other government managed areas.
  Ironically, they talk about how critical emergency
communications is between police and emergency agencies, but
they neglect to discuss how important emergency communications
are from emergency agencies to the public, a service that
broadcasters singularly excel in, and a service which could be
crippled in the very areas that the Forest Service is trying to
protect! ....
  I strongly recommend that all broadcasters, both affected and
non-affected, contact both the NAB and their local legislators
to open a dialog.  This [Forest Service proposal] could set a
very dangerous precedent for many broadcasters nationwide.
  Bert Goldman, Executive VP, First Broadcasting
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     LETTERS TO THE EDITOR  (100 WORD LIMIT WAIVED THIS WEEK)
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  BONA FIDE NEWS PROGRAMS AND PSAs SHOULD BE ALLOWED
  TO USE EAS TONES TO EDUCATE THE PUBLIC
  In CGC #535, there was a paragraph related to a Palm
Springs station running a News Story about the Amber alert system.
Along with it was the usual quote of FCC Rule 11.45.  Some people
should read just a little further.
  In FCC Rule 11.45, it states that Broadcast Station Licensees
should refer to 73.1217 entitled, "Broadcast hoaxes."  73.1217
talks about false information, hoaxes and public harm.  The
purpose for this rule is explained well in Report and Order 70
RR 2d 1383.  Any programming accompanied by a disclaimer will be
presumed not to pose foreseeable harm if the disclaimer clearly
characterizes the program as a fiction and is presented in a way
that is reasonable under the circumstance.
  The Broadcast community needs to educate the public about the
EAS system.  Every station is required to run weekly and monthly
tests, that's every radio station, television channel and cable
channel.  What does the public hear and see?  TESTS.  If we want
them to pay attention to the EAS Alerts, then we need to educate
them that they are important and not just another test.
  Broadcast stations need to run Public Service Announcements
and News Stories about the EAS system and how it benefits the
public interest - and in doing so may need to simulate test tones
as long as appropriate disclaimers are used to inform the public
what to listen for.
  Richard Large, (858)505-5150, rlarge@kusi.com
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  RICHARD RUDMAN REPLIES TO RICHARD LARGE
  EAS education needs to be done, but only after we think all
parts of this through.
  As stated before, the potential "harm" in doing things the
way some people have suggested comes from the simple fact that
actual EAS tones recorded and played over the air can be decoded
by EAS devices monitoring that station, or EAS devices with EAS
awareness built in, and there is still equipment in the field
that pays attention to the old two tone attention signal.  The
old attention signal is embodied into the new EAS code format,
so therein lies the rub.
  If care were taken to make sure that neither the header
information nor the attention signal were valid, there may be a
way to create a pseudo-EAS signal that could be used for bona
fide newscasts.  Again, let's be cautious and think this through.
  The most recent events related to unauthorized EAS broadcasts
had to do with an LP's newsroom that unwittingly recorded a
complete CEM sequence on August 1 and played it back as a news
story.  That caused some major problems that I personally would
not care to see repeated.
  California Broadcasters Assn., the EAS State Committee, CHP
and OES are working on training and education initiatives.
People like Richard Large and others should certainly be part
of this process.  We just have to look at all of the sides of
this before we proceed.
  I look forward to exploring this further.  Education and
training ARE needed.
  rar01@earthlink.net
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  THE CEM CODE IS INAPPROPRIATE FOR AMBER ALERTS - RIGHT?
  Correct me if I'm wrong.  Didn't the majority [on the L.A.
EAS list server] feel the CEM is the inappropriate code for
Amber EAS messages[?]
  We need to get [use of this inappropriate code] fixed.  As
participants in the LA plan, we.... are forwarding CEM messages
even when the audio sounds like [!*@kx!z] on an FM station.
This is because the plan REQUIRES we forward CEMs.  We don't want
to forward EAS AMBER alerts.  We DO want to get the information
to the public in the way we see fit.
  Many of our fears are coming true with AMBER alerts almost
daily now.  I had thought the ALERTS were only issues for a
witnessed NON-PARENTAL abduction.  We now seem to be getting them
for Parental and Non-parental abductions.  I am afraid if we use
this system too much it will become diluted, and when we need to
someday do a REAL EAS for some type of true Civil or Weather
Emergency, the General Public will be de-sensitized.
  [Comment posted on the Los Angeles EAS list server 8/31/02.]
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  RICHARD RUDMAN RESPONDS
  In a letter dated September 2, 2002 to Al Kenyon, Chair of
the EAS NAC, Richard Rudman writes in part as follows:
  "The very thing we were all trying to prevent, misuse and/or
overuse of EAS, is indeed happening.  Multiple activations for
custodial parent abductions have occurred here in California.
It is now more a matter of "if", not "when," we see someone
somewhere calling for or even succeeding in activating EAS for
runaways.
  "We have documented cases of elected public officials
apparently not understanding or misconstruing what Amber has been
defined to be by the NCMEC.  The media is helping to spread this
disinformation.  Such a story appeared in the Saturday LA Times
on the most recent non-custodial parent abduction case here in
California.  I have seen others in print, or heard radio and TV
news broadcasts do the same thing.
  "Elected and appointed public safety officials - in several
documented cases in several states - have attempted or are
attempting to bypass State and local EAS committees....
  "One FCC action that could help reverse or merely slow this
trend is a carefully worded Public Notice...."
  Richard goes on to state that the installed base of EAS
equipment does not yet recognize the CAE (child abduction
emergency) code, and points to the problems that use of the
CEM code causes in abduction cases.
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  KSGA-LP COMMENTS ON ITS ALLEGED INTERFERENCE TO KHIZ, BOTH CH-64
  [See CGC #533 for background information.]
  KHIZ interference I believe is to the following Auxiliary
Licenses.  WPNB973, WPNB975, WPNB976 Transmitter located near
Crestline.  These are vertically polarized UHF CH 64 Microwave
paths that appear to have viewers watching.  Originally licensed
for Cable feeds to Ontario, Fontana, Redlands, and Riverside.
  If KSGA-LP is causing interference in these areas, why didn't
their own Auxiliary relay cause problems to KHIZ primary CH 64
signal in these same areas?  Only now are they claiming there is
a problem.
  Auxiliary microwave licenses in the UHF TV spectrum are not
protected from Broadcast TV.
  Ken Brown, kbrown@kjla.com
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  CELL TOWER AFLAME PHOTO - IS IT REAL?
  Bob Weller argues that the Cell Tower Aflame photo referenced
in CGC #535 is a fake, but author Mark van der Hoek defends the
posting and gives us some rare insight into the technical workings
of today's Cellular/PCS industry.  See the e-mail exchange:
  Visit http://www.bext.com/_CGC/
  Click on "Additional Postings"
  Click on the story entitled, "CELL TOWER AFLAME PHOTO...."
  [Note - A temporary web posting problem may take you to the
bottom of the page.  The story appears near the top and can be
found by scrolling.  Sorry for the inconvenience.   - Ed.]
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  100 WORD LIMIT ON LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
  Seems like every so often we run into fascinating stories
that need a lot of space to explain, probe and explore.  That's
when text limits are dropped and we welcome as much input as is
needed to do the job.  That's exactly what has happened recently,
is happening in this newsletter and will undoubtedly happen again.
  However, starting with the next CGC Communicator, we will
"return to our roots" as a concise/abbreviated newsletter and we
need your help.  Please limit your letters to 100 WORDS OR LESS
excluding the title and signature lines (the old "nine short
lines" text limit was hard to implement).  If you have more to
say, post it on a web page and send us the URL along with a story
synopsis for publication in the Communicator.
  There are a number of ongoing consulting projects which
require our close attention now, so our time for compiling the
Communicator will be limited.  Thanks in advance for helping by
adhering to the new 100 word limit.
  - Ed.
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  THANKS!
  Want to thank you for your informative newsletter.  It is
meaningful, helpful and loaded with good info.
  Bill Hull, president, KFXM, Temecula (recently sold)
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                          MISCELLANEOUS
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  KUSI-DT BEGINS OPERATION
  KUSI-DT, CH-18, San Diego, initiated broadcasts on Thursday,
August 22, 2002, following a day of testing.  Their operation
is now "24/7" according to the station.
  CDBS data indicates that KUSI-DT is operating at 22.9 kW ERP
from San Miguel Mountain under a STA; their full power CP
application calls for 355 kW ERP.  Both rely on directional
antennas.
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  KFMB-DT CONTINUES WITH LOW POWER OPERATION
  The FCC has allowed KFMB-DT, CH-55, San Diego, to continue
operating at low power according to sources at KFMB.  The low
power extension is said to be for another four months.
  KFMB-DT is licensed for 703 kW ERP and holds a CP for
1,000 kW ERP (both directional).  The STA is reportedly for
78 kW ERP.
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  KVCR-TV IS OFF THE AIR
  KVCR, Channel 24, Public TV for the Inland Empire, has been
on and off the air Friday, Saturday and Sunday, and totally off
the air Monday and Tuesday (at least Tuesday morning as this
story was being prepared).  The fault is possibly a klystron
tube failure triggered by the heat wave.
  KVCR had planned to be off the air this Wednesday and Thursday
to change their transmitter cooling system, and those plans still
hold.  So, if all goes well, the station will return to the air
on Friday.  (KVCR has no microwave or fiber feed to CATV
facilities, so this outage is hitting them particularly hard.)
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  KLIT(FM) HAS MOVED
  KLIT, 92.7 MHz, has completed its transmitter move from
Avalon to Signal Peak which is a few miles southeast of Newport
Beach (city of license is now Fountain Valley).  KLIT remains a
Class A station and relies on a directional antenna.
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  POWERRADIO.COM
  If anyone knows the name of the person once associated with
the e-mail address "engineering@powerradio.com," please let CGC
know:
  rgonsett@ieee.org
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  FLORIDA MAN IMPRISONED, FINED FOR DELIBERATE INTERFERENCE
  Florida Citizens Band enthusiast William "Rabbit Ears" Flippo,
60, will spend a total of 15 months in federal prison - including
two months already served--and pay a $25,000 fine for jamming
Amateur Radio communications and transmitting without a license.
He'll also spend a year on supervised probation following his
release, during which he cannot own radio gear or firearms.  The
sentence is believed to be a record for convictions of this type.
  http://www.arrl.org/arrlletter/02/0830/
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  MORE TROUBLE FOR FAX.COM
  Fax.com, the direct-fax advertising firm that is proposed to
receive a $5,379,000 fine for sending unsolicited advertisements
known as "junk faxes" (see CGC #532),  has another problem:
Steve Kirsch, a Silicon Valley executive is suing fax.com for
2.2 trillion dollars including punitive damages.  He believes
this is the amount consumers should get if the proper penalty is
assessed for each and every junk fax ever sent by fax.com, plus
triple damages as permitted under federal law.
  Amateur Radio Newsline - August 30, 2002
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           LOCAL ITEMS FROM THE FCC    (FCC TYPOS TOO)
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  CALL SIGN GRANTS
  KMXN(AM), Ontario, to KSPA
  K08MX, Indio, to to KVPS-LP
  http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-225732A1.pdf
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  TV TRANSLATOR OR LPTV STATION APPLICATION FOR MINOR CHANGE
  TO A LICENSED FACILITY GRANTED
  BPTTL-20010706ABG   KTSB-LP  41127  UNIVISION TELEVISION GROUP..
                  E   CHAN-43             SANTA BARBARA, CA
  Minor change in licensed facilities, callsign KTSB-LP.
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  DIGITAL TV APPLICATION FOR MINOR AMENDMENT TO A CONSTRUCTION
  PERMIT AMENDMENT RECEIVED
  BPCDT-19991028ACX   KHIZ-DT  63865  SUNBELT TELEVISION, INC.
                  E   CHAN-44               BARSTOW, CA
  Engineering Amendment filed 08/26/2002
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  DIGITAL TV APPLICATION FOR CP EXTENSION ACCEPTED FOR FILING
  BEPCDT-20020828AAX    KXLA-DT  55083    RANCHO PALOS VERDES
                   E    CHAN-51            BROADCASTERS, INC.
                                         RANCHO PALOS VERDES, CA
  Extension of time to complete construction authorized pursuant
  to a permit for a new DTV station: BPCDT-19991101AIZ
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  FM TRANSLATOR APPLICATION FOR LICENSE TO COVER GRANTED
  BLFT-20020611AAT    K205DK  92058   PAULINO BERNAL EVANGELISM
                 E   88.9 MHZ             YUCCA VALLEY, CA
  Lic. to cover
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  The CGC Communicator is published for broadcast professionals
  in so. California by Communications General Corporation (CGC),
  consulting radio engineers, Fallbrook, CA.  Short news items
  without attached files are always welcome from our readers;
  letters may be edited for brevity.  E-mail may be sent to:
  rgonsett@ieee.org  or  telephone (760) 723-2700.
  CGC Communicator articles may be reproduced in any form provided
  they are unaltered and credit is given to Communications General
  Corporation and the originating authors, when named.  Past
  issues may be viewed and searched at http://www.bext.com/_CGC/
  courtesy of Bext Corporation.
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