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                      THE CGC COMMUNICATOR
                            CGC #574
                     Tuesday,  May 13, 2003
                             ________
               Robert F. Gonsett, W6VR, Publisher
                       <rgonsett@ieee.org>
           Stephen H. Blodgett, W7RNA, Letters Editor
                  mailto:steve@earthsignals.com
    Copyright 2003, Communications General® Corporation (CGC)
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  SPECTRAL MEASUREMENTS SHOW HF AND UHF PLC INTERFERENCE
  A document released in March describes Power Line
Communications ("PLC") interference tests conducted in Japan.
Interestingly, spectral images show not only the anticipated HF
interference, but also show spurious emissions far up into the
UHF spectrum.  The advantage of allowing Internet data to travel
over power lines is well understood, but it comes at a price.
The technical paper is posted at:
  http://www.qsl.net/jh5esm/PLC/isplc2003/isplc2003a7-1.pdf
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  FM PIRATE SENTENCED TO PRISON FOR UNLICENSED RADIO OPERATION
  Rayon Sherwin "Junior" Payne has been sentenced to nine months
imprisonment, followed by one year supervised release during which
time he must perform 50 hours of community service.  Payne was
charged with multiple counts of operating an unlicensed FM radio
station, and he pleaded guilty to two of those counts.
  http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-234292A1.doc
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  FCC PROPOSES TO FINE WESTERN WIRELESS $200,000
  FOR NONCOMPLIANCE WITH ENVIRONMENTAL RULES
  This is said to be the first case in which the FCC has
proposed a monetary forfeiture for an unlawful operation that
stems from an apparent failure to comply with the Commission's
environmental rules.
  Basically, Western Wireless Corp. did not obtain FCC approval
prior to constructing a 180-foot tower on a ridge near sites that
are listed or are eligible for listing in the National Register
of Historic Places (North Dakota area).
  http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-234290A1.doc
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                      LOCAL & REGIONAL NEWS
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  SUPER BOWL FM RADIO OPERATOR FINED (TENTATIVELY)
  Following is the FCC's Letter of Apparent Liability to
Global Radio, Inc., as mentioned in CGC #573, for Super Bowl
FM broadcasting infractions:
  http://www.earthsignals.com/add_CGC/Global_Radio.pdf
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         LETTERS TO THE EDITOR  (100 WORDS OR LESS IDEAL)
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  WILL FM TRANSLATORS BE A CHALLENGE EVEN BIGGER THAN LPFM?
  In the last CGC Communicator, we told you about the flood of
translator applications that were filed as a result of a recent
FCC window opening.  This week's email tells us that there are
indeed applications believed to be damaging to existing signals.
And not surprisingly, some applications are being viewed as
predatory, filed on channels served by wealthy full-power FMs.
  No matter what the case, the point is that FM licensees
- particularly commercial-band licensees - should make the effort
to check on translator applications, follow up on potential
interference, and take action to protect existing signal coverage.
  Steve Blodgett, mailto:steve@earthsignals.com
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  LETTER TO THE FCC REVEALS FM TRANSLATOR APPLICATION STATISTICS
  In a letter to the FCC, REC Networks says that of the over
13,000 FM translator applications filed in the March window, over
half were placed by 15 entities.  One entity placed over 2,454
applications, and the top two applicants representing almost 1/3
of the applications are not even licensees of an FM station.
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  WHEN BUYING A USED TRANSMITTER, REVIEW THE PCB RULES FIRST
  Remember, when considering purchase of a used transmitter, the
seller cannot legally sell you anything containing PCBs, nor are
you allowed to purchase them.  The seller must properly dispose
(have properly incinerated and have a certificate of destruction)
of ALL PCBs before he sells the XMTR to you.  He cannot transfer
that responsibility to you.
  Even if you have a contract to transfer responsibility, it is
not valid and the seller still owns those PCBs.  And by the way,
the rules also apply to the purchase of an entire radio station
if its XMTR contains PCBs.  The ownership of the XMTR cannot be
transferred to you as long as it has PCBs in it.
  Transporting a transmitter with PCBs may also trigger some
DOT hazardous material transport regulations.  PCBs are nothing
you want anything to do with, unless you are getting PCB items
that you already own properly destroyed.  (Also see CGC #222)
  Gray Haertig mailto:gfh@haertig.com
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  USC FM STATIONS TO BE ADDED TO THE HD RADIO SCORECARD
  KUSC (91.5 MHz) is upgrading its stations to IBOC, including
its satellite stations KFAC (88.7) at Santa Barbara, KPSC (88.5)
in Palm Springs, and KCPB (91.1) in Thousand Oaks.  The satellite
stations are scheduled to be completed by September, with the
KUSC part of the project to be scheduled later, after the
satellite station work is completed.
  Pablo Garcia, mailto:pgarcia@kusc.org
  Director of Engineering and Operations, KUSC-FM
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  KNX MORSE CODE STORY (CGC #573) BRINGS BACK MEMORIES
  At the time of my first full-time job at Station WATT, we
carried the Detroit Tiger Baseball game broadcasts.  The play-
by-play descriptions of all the "away" games were simulated in
the studio in Detroit from descriptions received by Western Union
land-line telegraph circuits.  You could hear the telegraph
sounder in the background as the telegraph operator would write
out the play abbreviations for the announcer.
  Thomas Edison, who invented many improvements for telegraphic
communications, was actually not a very good telegraph operator.
At one time he was working as a Morse telegrapher for a newspaper
in Cincinnati and used a pen code recorder similar to the one
pictured in the KNX history page.  He could use the tape to fill
in the text for message parts missed.  Once during national
elections when there was a lot of traffic with lots of numbers,
his recorder ink supply ran dry.  As a result, he copied a lot
of election ballot totals all wrong and they were published in
the paper.  He promptly lost his job.
  John Reiser, mailto:jreiser@tidalwave.net
  Mt. Vernon, VA
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  IN CASE YOU MISSED THE KNX STORY MENTIONED ABOVE....
  http://www.earthsignals.com/KNXSITEhistory2.html
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                          MISCELLANEOUS
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  WHAT EVER HAPPENED TO TV "CHANNEL 1" IN THE U.S.?
  Some countries have a "TV 1", but why don't we?  An historical
review of the turn of events making Channel 2 the first in our
sequence of TV channels may be seen at:
  http://members.aol.com/jeff560/tvch1.html.
  According to the article, KARO, Riverside, CA, was assigned
to CH-1 in 1946.
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  EMAIL PREDICTED TO BECOME "UNUSABLE" AS SPAM TRAFFIC INCREASES
  Internet email traffic in April saw the rate of unsolicited
email up 61% over April 2002, which translates to 40% of all email
traffic.  That number could be 50% as early as summer, as reported
by Zdnet.  Brightmail.com believes that the rate of increase by
"spam" has "spiraled out of control" and that when the rate
reaches 90%, Internet email will become essentially unusable.
  http://zdnet.com.com/2100-1105_2-1000497.html
  Meanwhile, PC World reports that Earthlink has won a $16
million lawsuit in Atlanta against a Spammer who refused to take
the suit seriously, never appeared in court, and defiantly stated,
"Nothing is in my name, so you'll never catch me."  It looks like
the self-interest of a few may well cause the effective loss of
a valuable and essential public communications tool unless we
find a means of controlling spam, and find it soon.
  http://pcworld.com/news/article/0,aid,110627,00.asp
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  REALLY MISCELLANEOUS NEWS
  * Need to know how something works?  This is the place:
http://www.howstuffworks.com
  * Here is a fascinating animated Rube Goldberg video (URL
courtesy of Jim Montgomery, high speed Internet recommended) -  http://home.attbi.com/~bernhard36/honda-ad.html
  * If you like space photos, you'll love this NASA site.  Each
image is available in three or four sizes, and the detail is
great.  Thanks to Mark van der Hoek.  http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/
  * There will be a total eclipse of the Moon this Thursday from
8:14 to 9:07 PM PDST.  The Moon will take on a distinct red or
orange tint that comes from the light of sunsets all around the
Earth shining on to the Moon.  (Info from Palomar Observatory
Public Affairs Coordinator via Bonnie Phelps.)
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           LOCAL ITEMS FROM THE FCC    (FCC TYPOS TOO)
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  PROPOSED LPTV GRANT
  The FCC has proposed to grant a construction permit to:
  ENTRAVISION HOLDINGS, LLC
  BPTTL-JG0601JA   KSZZ-LP   CH-20   SAN DIEGO, CA
  http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-234230A1.doc
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  FM AUXILIARY TRANSMITTING ANTENNA APPLICATIONS FOR
  AUXILIARY PERMIT ACCEPTED FOR FILING
  BXPH-20030501AAJ    KIIS-FM  19218  CITICASTERS LICENSES, L.P.
                 E   102.7 MHZ             LOS ANGELES, CA
  CP for auxiliary purposes.
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  TELEVISION APPLICATION FOR LICENSE TO COVER GRANTED
  BLCT-20021213ABJ  KDOC-TV 24518 GOLDEN ORANGE BROADCASTING CO...
                E   CHAN-56              ANAHEIM, CA
  License to cover construction permit no: BMPCT-20021209AAN,
  callsign KDOC-TV.
  __________________
  TELEVISION APPLICATION FOR MINOR MODIFICATION TO A
  CONSTRUCTION PERMIT GRANTED
  BPCT-20030226AAY  KDOC-TV 24518 GOLDEN ORANGE BROADCASTING CO...
                E   CHAN-56              ANAHEIM, CA
  Modification of construction permit file number BPCT-19990324KE.
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  DIGITAL TV APPLICATION FOR LICENSE TO COVER GRANTED
  BLCDT-20021118ACF  KMEX-DT 35123  KMEX LICENSE PARTNERSHIP, G.P.
                 E   CHAN-35               LOS ANGELES, CA
  License to cover construction permit no: BMPCDT-20010727AAY,
  callsign KMEX-TV.
  __________________
  TELEVISION APPLICATION FOR LICENSE TO COVER GRANTED
  BLCT-20030313AHD  KMEX-TV  35123  KMEX LICENSE PARTNERSHIP, G.P.
                E   CHAN-34                LOS ANGELES, CA
  License to cover construction permit no: BMPCT-20010727AAZ,
  callsign KMEX-TV.
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  AM STATION APPLICATION FOR DIRECT MEASUREMENT GRANTED
  BZ-20021015ADM      KDIF   27390   CITICASTERS LICENSES, L.P.
              P     1440 KHZ               RIVERSIDE, CA
  Direct Measurement
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  FM TRANSLATOR APPLICATIONS FOR LICENSE TO COVER GRANTED
  BLFT-20030319ADB  K205DT 94146 YOUR CHRISTIAN COMPANION NETWORK,
               E   88.9 MHZ                 INDIO, CA
  Lic. to cover
  __________________
  BLFT-20030319ADY  K210DL 93333 CALVARY CHAPEL OF TWIN FALLS,INC.
               E   89.9 MHZ               APPLE VALLEY, CA
  Lic. to cover
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  DIGITAL TV APPLICATIONS FOR LICENSE TO COVER ACCEPTED FOR FILING
  BLEDT-20030507AAS   KLCS-DT  38430   LOS ANGELES UNIFIED
                  E   CHAN-41            SCHOOL DISTRICT
                                         LOS ANGELES, CA
  License to cover construction permit no: BPEDT-19991221AAV,
  callsign KLCS.
  _______________
  BLCDT-20030507AAW  KVEA-DT  19783  ESTRELLA LICENSE CORPORATION
                 E   CHAN-39                 CORONA, CA
  License to cover construction permit no: BMPCDT-20011109AAY,
  callsign KVEA.
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  TV TRANSLATOR OR LPTV STATION APPLICATION FOR LICENSE TO COVER
  ACCEPTED FOR FILING
  BLTTL-20030507AAF    KZDF-LP  57054     LAURIE MINTZ
                   E   CHAN-41        OCEANSIDE/CARLSBAD, CA
  License to cover construction permit no: BPTTL-20001002AGT,
  callsign KZDF-LP.
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  The CGC Communicator is published for broadcast engineering
  professionals in so. California by Communications General®
  Corporation (CGC), consulting radio engineers, Fallbrook, CA.
  Short news items are always welcome from our readers,
  and letters may be edited for brevity and clarity.  Letters
  to the Editor (Job Shoppe included) should be sent to
  mailto:steve@earthsignals.com.  For subscription and change
  of e-dress information, mailto:rgonsett@ieee.org.
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  provided they are unaltered and credit is given to the CGC
  Communicator and the originating authors, when named.  Past
  issues may be viewed and searched at http://www.bext.com/_CGC/
  courtesy of Bext Corporation.
  The views expressed in our newsletters do not necessarily
  reflect those of Communications General® Corporation, Bext,
  or the newsletter editors.
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