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                     THE CGC COMMUNICATOR
                           CGC #746
                     Monday, July 3, 2006
                            ________
                Robert F. Gonsett, W6VR, Editor
                     <r.gonsett@ieee.org>
   Copyright 2006, Communications General® Corporation (CGC)
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  EAS "CIVIL EMERGENCY MESSAGE" BROADCAST BY ACCIDENT
  TO SANTA BARBARA AND VENTURA COUNTIES ON JUNE 27, 2006
  What should have been an innocent closed circuit test
of new equipment being installed at the LP-1 EAS station in
Santa Barbara, CA was instead broadcast as a Civil Emergency
Message (CEM) with no details provided to an alarmed public,
and no End of Message (EOM) cue.  The CEM was carried by almost
all participating radio, television and cable TV companies in 
Santa Barbara and Ventura counties, and the public flooded 911
lines with inquiries.
  Since there was no audio (other than the old EBS tones),
presumably the public's concern was triggered by the cryptic
"Civil Emergency" TV scrolls.  The erroneous CEM was broadcast
from the LP-1 at 2:29 PM PDST on Tuesday, June 27, 2006.
  Laura Hernandez, Manager, Sheriff's Office of Emergency
Services for Ventura County, wasted no time in getting to the
bottom of the matter, and at 2:56 PM PDST issued the following
e-mail to key community officials - and that action brought the
911 calls to an almost immediate halt:
  "A civil emergency management message was inadvertently
sent out this afternoon while engineers were working at a Santa
Barbara radio station.  Phones at local dispatch centers have
been flooded with phone calls.  Please advise your public that
this was an accidental test of the Emergency Alert System (EAS)
and there is no civil emergency in progress."
  For the inside story on what caused the faulty CEM message
to be broadcast, visit the URLs below.  The first web address
takes you to various e-mails prepared by J D Strahler, Santa
Barbara LECC Chair, acting in the heat of the battle on the day
of the event.  The second web address links to a reflective
letter by J D two days after the event occurred.
  According to subsequent info from J D, California should never
use CEM codes for testing, and the new CapCom EDIS decoder box
being tested (the device that caused the problem) should not have
been interfaced to the LP-1's live EAS equipment at the time of
testing (the CapCom installer goofed).
  This unintended test of the EAS system did identify some
weaknesses with EAS distribution in the Santa Barbara and Ventura
areas, and perhaps someone will prepare a step-by-step "lessons
learned" report.  We can all profit from that kind of information.
Similar bugs undoubtedly exist in other EAS systems, and this was
a unique opportunity to flush them out.
  http://earthsignals.com/add_CGC/Accidental_EAS.htm
  http://earthsignals.com/add_CGC/Letters/EAS_Incident_JD.htm
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  PRESIDENT BUSH ORDERS EAS OVERHAUL
  The day before the Santa Barbara/Venture EAS snafu (story
above), President Bush issued an Executive Order for a complete
make-over for the nation's Emergency Alert System (EAS).  Of
course, even a total redesign will not stop occasional human
errors as the above story illustrates.
  http://tinyurl.com/jucum
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  LPFM GAINS IN SENATE COMMERCE COMMITTEE
  Low power FM (LPFM) proponents gained a victory on Capitol
Hill as lawmakers debated amendments to the Telecom Act.
Members of the Senate Commerce Committee have passed by
14-7 an amendment to drop third-channel protections of full-power
FMs in order to squeeze more low-power stations into markets.
  Full-power non-comms that carry radio reading subcarriers
would be exempt and would receive third-adjacent channel
protections, as would the entire state of New Jersey (are the
laws of physics any different there?), under the Commerce
Committee's plan.  Radio World has more:
  http://www.rwonline.com/dailynews/one.php?id=9274
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                       LETTER TO THE EDITOR
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  MT. WILSON POWER UPGRADE UPDATE
  Please note that I should have included additional customer
references for the work that will be done next Thursday (July 6).
We will be working on the ENTIRE east side, so the services to
Ch 40 (Trinity) and the 'primary' feed to Ch 11/13 (Fox) will
also be affected that day.
  Scott R. Lacy, P.E.
  Southern California Edison
  Supv. Engineer, PQ/RTVI & Technical Studies
  E-mail: lacysr (at) sce.com (or scott.lacy (at) sce.com)
  Telephone: 909-357-6589 (PAX 16089)
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  CALL FOR ALL FORMER KFXM/KDUO EMPLOYEES
  I have started to develop a new Web site at the address below
and we are trying to get in-touch with all the former KFXM/KDUO
employees.  I am doing biography pages for the site.
  A lot of good things are happening.  For example, we are
arranging with the San Bernardino Visitor's and Convention Bureau
and their "Route 66" to be inducted into their "Hall of Fame" in
September 2007.
  One other request for your readers: Is there any way to
check back in the FCC database to determine the original owner/s
and the dates when KFXM/KDUO went on-the-air?  It would be good
to include that information in the Web site.
  John Bunnell, K6BCK, bunnell.john (at) gmail.com
  http://kfxm-memory-lane.batcave.net/
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                           RANDOM NOTES
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  USEFUL BROADCAST DATA
  Brian Beezley, an extraordinarily talented developer of
antenna patterning software, has assembled a page of useful
data for broadcast engineers.  On it are detailed theoretical
patterns for various types of receiving antennas, and papers on
useful circuits, instrumentation and software.  There is even
a small collection of HD Radio papers including one entitled,
"HD Radio self-noise...." where the presence of HD sidebands
is shown to deteriorate the signal-to-noise ratio on analog
FM receivers.
  http://users.tns.net/~bb
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               AM RADIO - LOCAL ITEM FROM THE FCC
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  AM STATION APPLICATION FOR MINOR CHANGE TO A LICENSED
  FACILITY GRANTED
  BP-20060223ABL  KCAA  43995  BROADCASTING MANAGEMENT SERVICES...
             E  1050 KHZ                LOMA LINDA, CA
  Minor change in licensed facilities.
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               FM RADIO - LOCAL ITEMS FROM THE FCC
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  FM TRANSLATOR APPLICATION FOR MINOR CHANGE TO A LICENSED
  FACILITY DISMISSED
  BPFT-20060317AAW  K205EP  93751  LIFE ON THE WAY COMM....
               E   88.9 MHZ             LA CANADA, CA
  Minor change in licensed facilities, callsign K205EP.
  Informal Objection filed 4/4/06 by ("PACCD")
  Informal Objection filed 4/19/06 by ("PACCD")
  Engineering Amendment filed 04/27/2006.
  Informal Objection filed 5/24/06 by ("PACCD")
  Dismissed 6/23/2006 per applicant's request. No letter sent.
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  FM TRANSLATOR APPLICATION FOR MINOR CHANGE TO A LICENSED
  FACILITY ACCEPTED FOR FILING
  BPFT-20060627ABR  K220FR  76219  LIFE ON THE WAY COMM....
               E   91.9 MHZ             SIMI VALLEY, CA
  Minor change in licensed facilities, callsign K220FR.
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  FM BOOSTER APPLICATION FOR MINOR CHANGE TO A LICENSED
  FACILITY GRANTED
  BPFTB-20060614ABD  KMLT-FM1  164724  AMATURO GROUP OF L.A., LTD.
                E   92.7 MHZ                MALIBU VISTA, CA
  Minor change in licensed facilities, callsign KMLT-FM1.
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  FM BOOSTER APPLICATION FOR MINOR MODIFICATION TO A
  CONSTRUCTION PERMIT ACCEPTED FOR FILING
  BMPFTB-20060626AAA  KMLT-FM1  164724  AMATURO GROUP OF L.A., LTD.
                 E    92.7 MHZ               MALIBU VISTA, CA
  Mod of CP
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                   TV - LOCAL ITEM FROM THE FCC
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  DIGITAL TV APPLICATION FOR LICENSE TO COVER GRANTED
  BLCDT-20060515ADM  KUSI-DT  10238  CHANNEL 51 OF SAN DIEGO, INC.
                E    CHAN-18                SAN DIEGO, CA
  License to cover construction permit no: BMPCDT-20000428ABV,
  callsign KUSI-TV.
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